The 11th national elections were held in Bangladesh on December 20, 2018. According to the controversial election results, Sheikh Hasina’s ruling party, Awami League, achieved tremendous success. The party won 288 of the 300 seats and more than 90 percent of the votes. Opposition party Bangladesh Nationalist Party won only 7 seats. The election results ensured the third consecutive government of the Awami League, shortly after the announcement of the election results by international and regional analysts. The allegations of intimidation of voters during the elections have been widely blamed. Bangladesh’s Election Commission has declared Sheikh Hasina Wajid a winner, but the opposition has condemned the election as ridiculous and demanded new elections as well.
However, allegations of widespread fraud are being made and a BBC correspondent found that ballot boxes were being brought to polling stations before voting began. Opposition Leader Kamal Hussain said, “We demand the Election Commission.” They immediately dismiss these ridiculous results. We call for a new election organized by a neutral government. Bangladesh’s Election Commission told Reuters that it heard allegations of fraud from across the country. And they will investigate them, but the elections will not be over stuffed but still The Election Commission has not taken any action.
According to the latest reports on violent incidents during the polling, the death toll has increased to 17 while several dozen policemen have been injured in these incidents. A central candidate of the main opposition Bangladesh National Party was gunned down with knives. Reuters spoke to police officials and did not disclose details of the attack on opposition candidate Salahuddin Ahmed. Are. Reuters quoted its reporters as saying that the polls had a record low turnout in these elections. According to analysts, in these circumstances, the possibility of Sheikh Hasina Wajid’s success in the elections was already foretold. During elections, strict security arrangements were made nationwide in view of violence concerns, and about six million security personnel were deployed in the dimensions of the country, but the unmanageable meridian called the entire administration a very politicized tactical move. The rigging of elections is considered a breach.
The Awami League has dismissed the allegations of irregularities in the elections as a result. Hussein Wajid’s government claimed that the previous regime had a tremendous electoral victory because of its outstanding performance, while ruling party leaders acknowledged the opposition responsible for the violence in the elections. The end of democracy is important in Bangladesh. Although Bangladesh is much smaller than India, it is home to eight major countries in terms of population. The majority of the population is Muslim, with 10% of Muslims worldwide living in the country. Established then turned into a religious country because of the misappropriation of military and democratic governments. Religious leaders sought to regenerate a significant portion of the population themselves. In 2010, the Supreme Court, through its decision, declared “secularism” as the most important part of the country’s constitution, though Islam was later declared the official religion. This decision was necessary because during the military regime of Ziaur Rahman and Mohammed Irshad, secularism was abolished.
The influence of the past decades has led to the emergence of several Islamic extremist organizations in the country, including “Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh”, “Haram-ul-Jihad-ul-Islami” and “Shahadat-ul-Hakma”, with such extremist elements being part of Bangladesh’s political culture since independence. have been. Some parts of Bangladesh’s population were separated from Pakistan for religious reasons. This segment never made it into the mainstream of politics, it did not like the country’s Cascular Constitution.
In the recent past, with the Pakistani army being hanged along with the Pakistani army in 1971, the crisis has also triggered religious fanaticism. Increased and more religious leaders were born. The religious views of Bangladeshis who returned from the Gulf countries also influenced society.
The sentiment against secular government corruption and dirty politics also played an important role in the spread of Islamism. People believed that religious parties could be more credible and that this was true. It was banned that these organizations are capable of harming minorities, atheists, political opponents, and especially the declining Hindu population in the country, even though it is not compatible with the propaganda of Hussein Wajid’s devout Hindus.
In 2016, the Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen attacked a bakery in Dhaka, and despite a major threat to the security of the country and the ruling party, the Awami League did not formulate a concrete strategy for the elimination of religious groups. He justified his religious vote bank, saying the government showed little interest in protecting extremist victims. Over the years, many secular workers and Bloggers were killed. In 2015, a doctor working for the rights of homosexuals was stabbed in a house. In February 2015, a Bangladeshi American blogger was killed by a roadside bomb in Kodakha, and his wife was seriously injured. Mention.
Another secular blogger “Anant Rai” was killed in Suhail in 2015, none of his killers were arrested, and they could be prosecuted. The worst situation was that the election campaign was at its peak, even in the last week of the election campaign, and other measures showed the government’s authoritarian attitude.
In February 2018, opposition party BNP leader Khaleda Zia was jailed for a cheating case, withdrawing from the political landscape of Khalid Zia, leading to the loss of the BNP elections. In part, the coalition could not even believe in political rallies during elections without the government’s permission. According to sources from the opposition parties and civil society, the Election Commission also compromised on the situation.
The transparency of elections between the chief election commissioner and the subordinate staff of the Election Commission had gone public. The Election Commission staff disputed the use of the electronic voter machine and boycotted several meetings of the Commission, and also submitted several notices. Even before the elections, the government used force to suppress public opinion. The most striking example of this is the decision to send photographer and political activist Shahidul Aam to jail for supporting Hajji students, students protesting against the casualties in a bus accident in Dhaka.
Arrested under the black law of the Shahidan Information and Communication Act, 2013, this act allows unauthorized arrest and bail. While under this Act, the period of imprisonment of convicted persons may also be increased. The Kharkhar Shahid was released in November 2018 after serving 100 days in jail. International release has long been granted for Shahid’s release, but he could still face up to 14 years in prison if convicted.
Awami League’s controversial election victory is bad news for Bangladesh. This will help strengthen the democratic political system, but the consequences will be significant for other countries, including neighbors. This will make popular leaders with a mind-blowing attitude. These leaders believe in reducing democratic democracy in lieu of generous development and democratic modeling. This will also reduce the chances of democracy flourishing in the Islamic world.
China and India are unlikely to take steps to restore democracy. Beijing, like the past, can still continue to expand its diplomatic and economic influence in the country. They will not raise any disturbing questions regarding the internal politics of Bangladesh as China has no interest in promoting democracy. Modi continued to criticize the ongoing electoral process in Bangladesh, but he was one of the few early global leaders to congratulate Hasina Wajid on electoral success.
In India, it is important for India to stop the growing influence of China and seek cooperation to overcome extremism. With regard to South Asia, the entire focus of the Trump administration is limited to the future US role in Afghanistan. The Trump administration has paid little attention to the political developments in Bangladesh and the region. Therefore, the chances of Washington taking action in these elections are extremely unlikely. At a time when democracy around the world is at risk, the highly contentious elections of the Bangladeshi government will severely affect the entire region in power. This will increase state repression throughout South Asia, including Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India. Democracy is already destabilizing the region. Increasingly, the merits of the political parties in Bangladesh can lead to major political instability.